Also known as farsightedness, hyperopia is a common eye disorder in which objects at a distance can be seen clearly but objects up close are blurry. Hyperopia occurs when the eyeball is too short or when the cornea or lens is abnormally shaped. Unlike myopia, where an image falls short of the retina, in patients with hyperopia, the eyes focus images behind the retina rather than on the retina.
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The main symptom of hyperopia is blurriness when looking at objects close up, such as reading a book, tablet or magazine. Habitually squinting and straining the eyes in order to see can often lead to headaches and eye fatigue. An ophthalmologist or optometrist can diagnose hyperopia during a comprehensive dilated eye exam.
Correcting your vision
Eye glasses and contact lenses are the most common treatment for people with hyperopia. You may need to wear your glasses or contact lenses all the time or only when you are doing close-up work. Refractive surgery is another option for correcting hyperopia and works by changing the shape of the cornea. Consultation with your doctor will determine the best treatment option for you.